Grape is one of the oldest fruit species cultivated on the earth. History of BC It will last until 5000. The motherland is the region which includes the Caucasus, called Asia Minor, which also includes Anatolia. It is one of the species that has the most variety when compared to other fruits. It is estimated that there are more than 10.000 grape varieties. Anatolian varieties of mother homeland are over 1200. Economic production of about 50-60 of these is done.